The Budapest Centre is proud to present the new piece of its Artificial Intelligence series On the Use of Artificial Intelligence in the framework of the Syrian War.

This paper innovatively provides a compilation of AI weapons and tools applied by a multitude of actors during the conflict and concludes by stating how their employment jeopardizes human rights, thereby stressing the necessity of a universal regulation on the development and misuse of AI - from the perspective of mass atrocities.

We wish to point out that Artificial Intelligence plays an increasing role in conflict scenarios: At the same time that it has become a tool for human rights violations, it also holds the potential to play a positive role in genocide prevention, victims’ support, and reconstruction.

You can find the paper here
The Budapest Centre is proud to share its latest policy paper Misuse of Artificial Intelligence: Occupied Palestinian Territories. Case study.

As a new piece of the Artificial Intelligence series of the Budapest Centre for Mass Atrocities Prevention, this paper offers an insight on how the Israeli authorities apply tools of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the Occupied Palestinian Territories by pointing to the significance and risks of using AI during conflict—without wishing to provide an exhaustive and detailed list of challenges and their respective international activities. Our aim is to further engender the International Community’s political will to address these threats from the perspective of conflict escalation and mass atrocity crimes prevention.

The authors and the Budapest Centre hope that this research will prove useful in particular for young readers who wish to learn more about the ongoing conflict in the Occupied Palestinian Territories and the role AI plays in mass atrocity crimes.

You can find the paper here 

The Budapest Centre for Mass Atrocities Prevention invites you to check out this interview to Dr. Gyorgy Tatar, the Director of the Centre and Chair of the Board of Trustees, on the Uyghur Genocide - following the last report published by the Newlines Institute for Strategy and Policy.

The interviewer is Laura Pistarini Teixeira Nunes - an intern both at the Budapest Centre and the Institute for Cultural Relations Policy - who has written her master's dissertation on the persecution of Uyghurs in China.

You can find both the interview and her short article in the following link:

http://culturalrelations.org/mass-atrocities-in-xinjiang-specificities-and-international-response/ 

Special report ‒ The impact of violent extremism on the recent COVID lockdowns, Radicalisation Awareness Network



The impact of COVID-19 on preventing and countering violent radical extremism, Radicalisation Awareness Network



The rise of Violent Right-Wing Extremism in Europe, Radicalisation Awareness Network



PRACTICES Toolbox (1/4): Extremist content analysis tool, EFUS



PRACTICIES Toolbox (3/4) EN: “Digital Me” - telling stories to prevent violent extremism, EFUS



Understanding Radicalisation and Raising Awareness, EFUS



Developing a Local Multi-agency Strategy, EFUS



Prevention and Resilience-building, EFUS



De-radicalisation and Disengagement, EFUS



Counter-narratives, EFUS

Noy Thrupkaew: Human trafficking is all around you. This is how it works, TED



Sex trafficking isn't what you think it is | Meghan Sobel, TEDx Talks



Bought and Sold: Trafficking in America | Kaylen Runyan, TEDx Talks



The Face of Human Trafficking | Megan Rheinschild, TEDx Talks



People For Sale: Human Trafficking in Canada | Jocelyn Davison, TEDx Talks



The reality of human trafficking | Sean Reyes, TEDx Talks



How to fight against Human Trafficking? | Kamal Raj, TEDx Talks



Brenden Varma (GA President Spokesperson) on Syria, Human trafficking, and United States, UN Web TV

http://webtv.un.org/watch/brenden-varma-ga-president-spokesperson-on-syria-human-trafficking-and-united-states/6245478436001/

Cybersex Trafficking: Your Phone and Saving Children’s Lives | Philip Calvert, TEDx Talks

Artificial Intelligence and Human Rights, Webinar with the Council of Europe 

https://www.facebook.com/councilofeurope/videos/846375376209854/?hc_ref=ART6O0LZdPKsuXln0oQAaXLPEZK-Jjbux-hulPZJM3IqJLHOXT9saOxr5cBtgu5q0LY 

A.I. Is Making it Easier to Kill (You). Here’s How. – The New York Times



The Threat of AI Weapons - Veritasium



The danger of AI is weirder than you think | Janelle Shane - TED



The ethical dilemma we face on AI and autonomous tech | Christine Fox - TEDxMidAtlantic



Autonomous weapons could change battlefields of the future [Advertiser content from ICRC] - Vox



Session I - Expert Seminar on Artificial Intelligence & Right to Privacy, UN Web Tv, 2020

http://webtv.un.org/search/session-i-expert-seminar-on-artificial-intelligence-right-to-privacy/6159703779001/?term=%22Expert%20Seminar%20on%20Artificial%20Intelligence%20%20Right%20to%20Privacy%22&sort=date

Session II - Expert Seminar on Artificial Intelligence & Right to Privacy, UN Web Tv, 2020

http://webtv.un.org/search/session-ii-expert-seminar-on-artificial-intelligence-right-to-privacy/6159711868001/?term=%22Expert%20Seminar%20on%20Artificial%20Intelligence%20%20Right%20to%20Privacy%22&sort=date

Session III - Expert Seminar on Artificial Intelligence & Right to Privacy, UN Web Tv, 2020

http://webtv.un.org/search/session-iii-expert-seminar-on-artificial-intelligence-right-to-privacy/6160139531001/?term=%22Expert%20Seminar%20on%20Artificial%20Intelligence%20%20Right%20to%20Privacy%22&sort=date

Session IV - Expert Seminar on Artificial Intelligence & Right to Privacy, UN Web Tv, 2020

http://webtv.un.org/search/session-iv-expert-seminar-on-artificial-intelligence-right-to-privacy/6160139965001/?term=%22Expert%20Seminar%20on%20Artificial%20Intelligence%20%20Right%20to%20Privacy%22&sort=date

Ex-Facebook employee on the company's dangerous loophole: 'Autocrats don't bother to hide', The Guardian



Ad Hoc Committee on Artificial Intelligence (CAHAI) of the Council of Europe, Council of Europe Directorate General Human Rights and Rule of Law,



CAHAI International Panel - Democratic governance of AI: challenges and perspectives, Council of Europe Directorate General Human Rights and Rule of Law



Council of Europe AI&Law Webinar Series #08 - What is the deep impact of AI on Human Rights?, Council of Europe Directorate General Human Rights and Rule of Law



ELSA - Artificial Intelligence and Human Rights, Council of Europe Directorate General Human Rights and Rule of Law



Using Artificial Intelligence to Fight Human Trafficking | Emily Kennedy, TEDx Talks



Protecting Human Rights During the Covid-19 Crisis and Beyond: Digital Pandemic Surveillance and the Right to Privacy, UN Web Tv

http://webtv.un.org/search/protecting-human-rights-during-the-covid-19-crisis-and-beyond-digital-pandemic-surveillance-and-the-right-to-privacy/6197673709001/?term=artificial%20intelligence&lan=english&cat=Human%20Rights&sort=date

Artificial Intelligence: The World According to AI |Targeted by Algorithm (Ep1)| The Big Picture, Al Jazeera English



The World According to AI - The Bias in the Machine (Ep 2) | The Big Picture, Al Jazeera English



Killer robots: Scientists concerned over ethics of military AI | Al Jazeera English



EU seeks to protect human rights by regulating AI, Al Jazeera English



EU to unveil proposed regulations for artificial intelligence, Al Jazeera English



Scientists campaign to ban lethal robots production | Al Jazeera English



CES 2019: Facial recognition technology brings privacy concerns l Al Jazeera English



Artificial intelligence and algorithms: pros and cons | DW Documentary (AI documentary)



When algorithms discriminate: Robotics, AI and ethics - Talk to Al Jazeera, Al Jazeera English



Can we stop killer robots? | Inside Story, Al Jazeera English



Will killer robots save us or destroy humanity? | The Stream, Al Jazeera English



AI and Human Rights Forum -Day 1. Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies



AI and Human Rights Forum - Day 2. Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies



AI and Human Rights Forum - Day 3. Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies



AI and Human Rights Forum - Day 4. Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies



Artificial Intelligence in the face of Covid-19 and beyond - 2021 ECOSOC STI Forum Side Event. UN Web TV

http://webtv.un.org/search/artificial-intelligence-in-the-face-of-covid-19-and-beyond-2021-ecosoc-sti-forum-side-event/6252767881001/?term=&lan=english&cat=Meetings%2FEvents&page=12

[DILEMA lecture] Remote, autonomous weapons and human agency. Asser Instituut.



[DILEMA lecture] Artificial Intelligence and ethical disruption. Asser Instituut.



[DILEMA lecture] Trusted partners: Human-machine teaming and the future of military AI. Asser Instituut. 



[Online DILEMA lecture] Artificial intelligence, autonomous weapon systems, and accidents in war. Asser Instituut.



The future of modern warfare: How technology is transforming conflict | DW Analysis. DW News. 



China: facial recognition and state control | The Economist. 



Pegasus: the spyware technology that threatens democracy. The Guardian



Israeli spyware used to target journalists, activists: Report. Al Jazeera English



China's Mass Surveillance Phone App. Human RIghts Watch



Drones in the Service of Human Rights: Using Robotic Technology to Research Waste Burning in Lebanon. Human Rights Watch



The Great Firewall: China’s model of digital control. The Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies

GLOBAL CENTRE FOR THE RESPONSIBILITY TO PROTECT

"Expert Voices on Atrocity Prevention is a podcast by the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect. The podcast, hosted by Global Centre Publications Director Jaclyn Streitfeld-Hall, features one-on-one conversations with practitioners from the field of human rights, conflict prevention, atrocity prevention and other related agendas. These conversations aim to provide a glimpse of the personal and professional side of how practitioners approach human rights protection and atrocity prevention. We hope to explore challenges, identify best practices and share lessons learned on how we can protect populations more effectively."

Episode 1
Episode 2
Episode 3
Episode 4
Episode 5


RADICALISATION AWARENESS NETWORK (RAN)

"This podcast aims to discuss the violent Incel movement with three experts.
‘Incel’ stands for involuntary celibate, and the notoriety of this term spiked after the Santa Barbara attacks in the US."

 


Focus on far-right extremism.



Meet a RAN Practitioner #11 - Guillaume Denoix de Saint Marc, "the founder and executive director of the French association for victims of terrorism. He has been working in the field of terrorism and victims of terrorism for 30 years. The association he founded aims to help victims of terrorism and to prevent radicalisation."



Meet a RAN Practitioner #10 - Alfredo Calcedo, "a psychiatrist at the Spanish Hospital Gregorio Marañón."



Meet a RAN Practitioner #8 - Antje Götz-Bungarten, "a Psychologist at the Bavarian Criminal State Police Office (Germany)."



Meet a RAN Practitioner #7 - Ilham Atrass, "advisor for Institutional Relations and European Affairs in the local government of Castilla-La Mancha, in Spain and RAN LOCAL co-chair."



Meet a RAN practitioner #1 — Kinga Bialek, "a cross-cultural Psychologist at Society for Intercultural Education, Training and Research Poland (SIETAR), Poland."





CENTRAL EUROPEAN UNIVERSITY

Guilt and/or Responsibility? "An interview with Michael Rothberg, professor of English and Comparative Literature. He considers questions of guilt, responsibility, contemporaneity, burning issues for all of us. What do we have to do with the past that we did not participate in, we did not do anything but we are still granddaughters and grandsons of perpetrators or victims? What do we have to do with distant sufferings, including wartime rape? In all his works, Michael Rothberg pays special attention to art, to contemporary art that he considers theoretical objects that are important parts of Holocaust Studies as well."

https://podcasts.ceu.edu/content/guilt-andor-responsibility

Artificial Intelligence and Human Rights.

https://podcasts.ceu.edu/content/artificial-intelligence-and-human-rights

Intangible Cultural Heritage - what is it?, "a podcast about the UNESCO 2003 Convention on Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH); what it is; how the Convention works, and how communities that hold the heritage are involved."

https://podcasts.ceu.edu/content/intangible-cultural-heritage-what-it



UNITED NATIONS

UN Catch-Up Dateline Geneva – ‘Smart’ killer drones, drought and domestic workers’ worsening plight. "In this week’s 15-minute podcast, we enter the murky world of so-called intelligent drone strike technology and concerns about their proliferation in an interview with the UN Institute for Disarmament Research. Also, an alert over Africa’s third COVID wave, a new UN report likening drought to a new pandemic and a warning over the plight of millions of domestic workers, from the UN labour agency ILO. Also, we’ll have closing comments from regular guest, Solange Behoteguy Cortes".

https://news.un.org/en/audio/2021/06/1094252

In Gaza, even the aid teams are in harm’s way, says UN food programme. "An estimated 160,000 people in Gaza now face going hungry as the escalation of violence in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, and across the border into Israel, continues into its second week, the UN World Food Programme (WFP) said on Tuesday. In addition to seeing that they get enough to eat, another priority for the agency’s Country Director in Palestine, Samer AbdelJaber, is making sure that his aid team stays safe – because they’re inside the enclave where airstrikes are continuing too, as he explains to UN News’s Daniel Johnson".

https://news.un.org/en/audio/2021/05/1092142

After 10 years of war, 'heart breaking’ to see suffering of Syrians: senior UN relief official. "Ten years into the Syria crisis, humanitarian needs are deepening for millions of people, especially women, children, and the elderly, caught up in fighting through no fault of their own. According to humanitarians, over 13 million people across the war-ravaged country are in desperate need of assistance. UN News Arabic's Shirin Yaseen, spoke with Muhannad Hadi, Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Syria Crisis, on what the United Nations is doing and the urgent priorities now".

https://news.un.org/en/audio/2021/03/1087342

Speaking up and confronting hatred, in memory of the Holocaust. "Auschwitz-Birkenau was liberated 76 years ago this week, and to mark Holocaust remembrance day in late January, the corridors of UN Headquarters are normally filled with the stories of survivors who come to bear witness. But this year, the annual commemoration programme was held online for the first time ever, due to COVID-19, under the theme “Facing the Aftermath: Recovery and Reconstitution after the Holocaust”. For this latest edition of our Lid is On podcast, Ana Carmo brings you some of those voices of survival, along with the poignant contribution of German leader, Angela Merkel, and leading UN officials, speaking out against intolerance and racism, with neo-Nazism seemingly on the rise".

https://news.un.org/en/audio/2021/01/1083392

Seeing, hearing, feeling the reality of child trafficking. "What’s it really like to be a victim of child trafficking? The founders of non-profit, Street Art for Mankind, that fights child trafficking using art from around the globe, are trying to provide the answer. The exhibit, called “UN-ji,” made its way to UN headquarters in New York last month, bringing art, sounds, and smells, to help visitors gain insight into the issue and contribute to ending trafficking for some 150 million victims worldwide".

https://news.un.org/en/audio/2018/11/1027201

Checkpoints and searches: the daily reality for Palestinian children at Hebron school. "Not many school commutes involve having to go through checkpoints and body searches, but that’s the daily reality for some 163 Palestinian youngsters in Hebron, a bustling city in the southern part of the West Bank. During a recent visit to the Occupied Palestinian Territory, Reem Abaza, of UN News, went inside the closed zone for this edition of our Lid Is On podcast, to speak with students and teachers from Qurtuba School".

https://news.un.org/en/audio/2018/11/1026361

UN News goes inside Gaza’s biggest hospital. "A major escalation in fighting between Hamas militants and Israeli forces across the Gaza border, has placed further strain on medical facilities there that are already overwhelmed. For this special edition of our Lid Is On podcast, the head of our UN News Arabic unit, Reem Abaza, reports from the Al-Shifa Hospital, where dozens of victims of violence are undergoing often years of treatment, in the face of cutbacks and funding crises".

https://news.un.org/en/audio/2018/11/1025781

Stopping human traffickers in the Sahel. "In this week’s 15-minute catch-up, we hear from the UN Refugee Agency on efforts to stop human traffickers from exploiting vulnerable people who’ve lost their jobs because of COVID-19, plus the week’s top stories from the UN and comments from regular guests Alpha Diallo and Solange Behoteguy-Cortes – with poetry to boot from Uruguayan scribe Eduardo Galeano".

https://news.un.org/en/audio/2021/02/1083922

Myanmar crisis, 10 years of war in Syria. "In this week’s show, we’re covering UN human rights chief Michelle Bachelet’s appeal for an end to violence in Myanmar, a call by the World Health Organization and the World Trade Organization to boost the COVID-19 vaccine rollout to developing countries, and a new tragedy involving human traffickers and migrants sailing from Djibouti to Yemen. And we’ll be hearing about the plight of detainees in Syria’s prisons and detention centres 10 years since the civil war began - and international efforts to get them out, in an interview with UN-appointed independent rights investigator Hanny Megally. With Daniel Johnson and Solange Behoteguy-Cortes from UN Geneva".

https://news.un.org/en/audio/2021/03/1086432



CRISIS MANAGEMENT INITIATIVE

Renewed hope for peace in Libya 10 years after the revolution
. "As Libya marks the 10th anniversary of the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi, there is cautious optimism for better days ahead. In this episode of CMI’s Peace Talks, we discuss what needs to change so that the next 10 years would be brighter for the country".

https://cmi.fi/2021/03/10/renewed-hope-for-peace-in-libya-10-years-after-the-revolution/

Cyber attacks and wars fought with proxies: How can peacemakers respond to hybrid influencing?. "This is CMI’s Peace Talks, our new podcast. In this episode, we take a good look at hybrid influencing that makes conflicts more complex and unpredictable. How can peacemakers respond to challenges posed by hybrid operations?".

https://cmi.fi/2019/09/13/cyber-attacks-and-wars-fought-with-proxies-how-can-peacemakers-respond-to-hybrid-influencing/

Unraveling the relationship between climate change and conflicts. "This is CMI’s Peace Talks, our new podcast. In this episode, we take a good look at the links between climate change and conflicts and discuss what can be done to tackle the problem". 

https://cmi.fi/2019/06/20/unraveling-the-relationship-between-climate-change-and-conflicts/

How to support the fragile peace process in Yemen? "This is CMI’s Peace Talks, our new podcast. In this episode, we focus on what is now needed to support the fragile peace process in Yemen". 

https://cmi.fi/2019/06/20/how-to-support-the-fragile-peace-process-in-yemen/



CONFLICT RESOLUTION NETWORK

Resolve conflict: Everyone can win. "
Do you need to learn your conflict resolution skills on the go? Have a listen to these free podcasts. Produced in 2020, they’re our most recent addition to this website. To study the skills, it’s best to start with episode 1. But if you are struggling with a conflict right now and need a quick fix, scan the topics and choose the one that calls you. This series is inspired by our text: Everyone Can Win, on handling conflict constructively. Each podcast goes in-depth into one of the 12 skills, the approach you’ll find throughout this website. They are presented by psychologist Helena Cornelius, Conflict Resolution Network’s director. Writers are Helena Cornelius, Shoshana Faire and Estella Cornelius. Christine James joins the writing and production team for this audio series. Our music is by Stewart D’Arrietta".

https://www.crnhq.org/podcasts



FUTURE OF LIFE INSTITUTE

Six Experts Explain the Killer Robots Debate.
“Why are so many AI researchers so worried about lethal autonomous weapons? What makes autonomous weapons so much worse than any other weapons we have today? And why is it so hard for countries to come to a consensus about autonomous weapons? Not surprisingly, the short answer is: it’s complicated. In this month’s podcast, Ariel spoke with experts from a variety of perspectives on the current status of lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS), where we are headed, and the feasibility of banning these weapons”. 

https://futureoflife.org/2018/07/31/podcast-six-experts-explain-the-killer-robots-debate/?cn-reloaded=1



COMMISSION ON SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE

HELSINKI ON THE HILL. Nagorno-Karabakh.
“"Helsinki on the Hill'' is a series of conversations hosted by the U.S. Helsinki Commission on human rights and comprehensive security in Europe and beyond. The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan remains one of the world’s most intractable and long-standing territorial and ethnic disputes. Its fragile no-peace, no-war situation poses a serious threat to stability in the South Caucasus region and beyond. The conflict features at its core a fundamental tension between two key tenets of the 1975 Helsinki Final Act: territorial integrity and the right to self-determination. Ambassador Carey Cavanaugh, former U.S. Co-Chair of the OSCE Minsk Group, joins Helsinki Commission Senior Policy Advisor Everett Price to discuss the history and evolution of the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh, as well as the OSCE's role in conflict diplomacy and the prospects for a lasting peace”. 

https://www.csce.gov/podcast-nagorno-karabakh

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Please click here to find the latest report of the Budapest Centre, through the project V4 Taskforce on the Prevention of Mass Atrocities, on the Capabilities of the Visegrad Group in Preventing Extremism.